SICB Division of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry (DCPB)

From the DCPB Researchers Database

Donald Mykles

Regulation of Molting and Skeletal Muscle Plasticity in Crabs and Lobsters
Our research concerns the regulation of molting and skeletal muscle plasticity in crabs and lobsters. Specific areas are signaling mechanisms in the molting gland and proteolytic mechanisms mediating molt-induced claw muscle atrophy. Quantitative methods are used to measure transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of signal transduction of molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH), a neuropeptide that inhibits ecdysteroid synthesis in the molting gland and myostatin, a TGFb superfamily member that induces skeletal muscle atrophy.

Signaling mechanisms in crustacean molting gland. Growth in crustaceans requires the periodic shedding of the shell, a process called molting, which is controlled by a neurosecretory center in the eyestalks. The complex secretes MIH that inhibits production of the molting hormone ecdysone, an ecdysteroid secreted by a pair of molting glands located in the body. Thus it appears that molting is triggered by a reduction in MIH in the blood, which stimulates the molting glands to synthesize and secrete ecdysone. It is thought that binding of MIH to a membrane receptor results in a cyclic nucleotide-dependent inhibition of ecdysone-synthesizing enzymes. Five genes were cloned in the tropical land crab that may play a role in MIH signaling: nitric oxide synthase (NOS), three guanylyl cyclases (GCs), and MIH. Proteomic approaches are used to identify and quantify levels and phosphorylation states of NOS and downstream targets of cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases.

Regulation of muscle atrophy by myostatin. In mammals myostatin (Mstn) is a negative regulator skeletal muscle growth. We have recently identified Mstn orthologs in crabs and lobsters. As these genes are preferentially expressed in skeletal muscle, they may have similar functions in invertebrates. We have begun to examine the role of Mstn in controlling molt-induced claw muscle atrophy, in which the claw muscle mass is reduced as much as 78% before molting. The reduced mass facilitates withdrawal of the large claws through the narrow joints that connect the appendage to the body. Binding of Mstn to a membrane receptor results in phosphorylation of Smad proteins. Smads are transcription factors that translocate to the nucleus and alter gene expression. cDNAs encoding land crab Smads have been obtained. Quantitative RT-PCR and proteomic analysis will be used to measure Smad mRNA and protein levels, respectively. Image analysis will be used to quantify Smads in the nucleus and cytoplasm in response to Mstn.


Kim, H.-W., S.G. Lee and D.L. Mykles. 2005. Ecdysteroid-responsive genes, RXR and E75, in the tropical land crab, Gecarcinus lateralis: differential tissue expression of multiple RXR isoforms generated at three alternative splicing sites in the hinge and ligand-binding domains. Molec. Cell. Endocrinol. 242:80-95.

Lee, S.G. and D.L. Mykles. 2006. Proteomics and signal transduction in the crustacean molting gland. Integr. Comp. Biol. 46:965-977.

Medler, S., T.R. Lilley, J.H. Riehl, E.P. Mulder, E.S. Chang and D.L. Mykles. 2007. Myofibrillar gene expression in differentiating lobster claw muscles. J. Exp. Zool. 307A:281-295.

Lee, K.J., H.-W Kim, A.M. Gomez, E.S. Chang, J.A. Covi and D.L. Mykles. 2007. Molt-inhibiting hormone from the tropical land crab, Gecarcinus lateralis: cloning, tissue expression, and expression of biologically active recombinant peptide in yeast. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 150:505-513.

Lee, K.J., R.M. Doran and D.L. Mykles. 2007. Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone from the tropical land crab, Gecarcinus lateralis: cloning, isoforms, and tissue expression. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 154:174-183.

Lee, S. G., B. D. Bader, E.S. Chang and D.L. Mykles. 2007. Effects of elevated ecdysteriod on tissue expression of three guanylyl cyclases in the tropical land crab, Gecarcinus lateralis: possible roles of neuropeptide signaling in the molting gland. J. Exp. Biol. 210:3245-3254.

Lee, S.G., H.-W. Kim and D.L. Mykles. 2007. Guanylyl cyclases in the tropical land crab: Gecarcinus lateralis: cloning of soluble (NO-sensitive and -insensitive) and membrane receptor forms. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 2D:332-344.

Medler, S., E.S. Change and D.L. Mykles. 2007. Muscle-specific calpain is localized in regions near motor endplates in differentiating lobster claw muscles. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 148A:591-598.

Illustration: Close-up of the land crab (Gecarcinus lateralis)

Click here for a complete listing of the DCPB Researchers Database.

Student Awards for the SICB Annual Meeting

Two awards will be given in the Best Student Paper competition at the Annual Meeting, one for the best oral presentation and one for the best poster presentation. Each year the award will be titled in honor of a distinguished comparative physiologist or biochemist. The name of the honored person will be selected by the DCPB Executive Committee. Each award will include a certificate and monetary prize. Undergraduate students and graduate students who have not yet been awarded the PhD are eligible for the award, as are new PhD's who have received the degree no more than 12 months prior to the meeting. The work must be original and must be carried out principally by the student presenting the paper or poster. A student who applies must be a member of the Division of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. In any one year, a student can enter either the oral or poster competition. A student awarded either the top DCPB poster or talk prize is not eligible for future DCPB student presentation contests. The DCPB Chair will appoint a DCPB member to chair the student competition and, in consultation with that member, will select the other judges.


  • Registration and Abstract Submission Open for ICCPB-2019 in Ottawa, Canada (August 5-9),
  • 8th International Symposium on the Environmental Physiology of Ectotherms and Plants, in Buenos Aires City, Argentina (July 29 – August 2, 2019):

News and Announcements

Officers & Representatives

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Chair 01/2020-01/2022 Kenneth Welch
Past Chair 01/2020-01/2022 Kimberly Hammond
Program Officer 01/2021-01/2023 Michael Sears
Student/Postdoc Representative 01/2021-01/2023 Maria Stager
Secretary 01/2020-01/2022 Heather Liwanag

DCPB Memberlist

Click on name for contact details

Kerri Ackerly  University of Texas at Austin 
Nikki Adams  Cal Polytechnic State Univer 
James Adelman  The University of Memphis 
Stephen Adolph  Harvey Mudd Coll 
Bassem Allam  Stony Brook University 
Marianne Alleyne  University of Illinois at Urba 
Douglas Altshuler  University of British Columbia 
Sebastian Alvarado  Queens College CUNY 
Beau Alward  University of Houston 
Roger Anderson  Western Washington University 
Victoria Andreasen   
Nigel Andrew  University of New England 
Anthony Annunziato  Boston College 
Ivy Antunes   
Adrien Arias  University of California, Irvine 
Noah Ashley  Western Kentucky University 
Jill Azzolini   
Leslie Babonis  University of Florida 
John Bailey  University of Southern Mississippi 
Jacoby Baker   
George Bakken  Indiana State Univ 
Dylan Baloun  University of Saskatchewan 
Amanda Banet  CSU Chico 
Cody Barnes  Oklahoma State University 
Brian Barnes  University of Alaska 
Nicholas Barts  University of Pittsburgh  
Carolyn Bauer  Swarthmore College 
Carolyn Bauer  Swarthmore College 
Ursula Beattie   
Abby Beatty  Auburn University 
Richard Beckwitt  Framingham State University 
Jim Belanger  Binghamton University 
Albert F. Bennett  University of California Irvine 
Vanessa Bentley  Colorado State University 
Kevin Bilyk  Western Kentucky University 
Ruediger Birenheide   
Neil Blackstone  Northern Illinois University 
Mélanie Boël  Université Lyon 1 (UCBL) 
Leigh Boardman  University of Florida 
Samuel Bogan  UC Santa Barbara 
Tyler Boggs  University of Cincinnati 
Calhoun Bond  Greensboro College 
Charles Booth  Eastern Connecticut State Univ 
Rafael Bovo  UC Santa Cruz 
Rachel Bowden  Illinois State University 
Julia Bowsher  North Dakota State University 
Isaiah Box  University of British Columbia 
Michael Boyle  Smithsonian Marine Station 
Erin Brandt  University of Western Ontario 
Erin Brandt  Western University 
Ana Breit  University of Maine 
Jason Breves  Skidmore College 
DruAnne Brogren  Saginaw Valley State 
Anne Bronikowski  Iowa State University 
Richard Emerson Broughton  University of Oklahoma 
Stine Brown  University of New England 
Caleb Bryce   
Theresa L. Bucher   
David Buchwalter  NC State University 
C. Loren BUCK  Northern Arizona University 
Gary Burness  Trent University 
Louis Burnett  College of Charleston 
Karen G. Burnett  Grice Marine Lab 
Nicholas Burnett  UC Davis 
Michael Butler  Lafayette College 
Jasmin Camacho  Stowers Institute 
Robert Cameron  California Institute of Technology 
Ariel Camp  University of Liverpool 
Hannah Carey  University of Wisconsin-Madiso 
Edward Catapane  Medgar Evers College 
Joyce Caughron  Radford University 
Sonia Cavigelli  Pennsylvania State University 
Nicoline Chambers   
Guy Charmantier  Universite Montpellier France 
Zachary Cheviron   
Ariel Chipman  The Hebrew Univ of Jerusalem 
Robert Cieri  U. Sunshine Coast 
Scott Cinel  University of Florida 
Rebecca Clark  Siena College 
Natalie Claunch   
James Clegg  Univ California Bodega Marine Laboratory 
Jamie Cochran   
Bethany Coffey   
Patrice Connors  Colorado Mesa University 
Robin L. Cooper  University of Kentucky 
Keely Corder  University of Montana 
Jamie Cornelius  Oregon State University 
Daisy Cortes  UC Santa Cruz 
Kathy Cosenza  Front Range Community College 
David Coughlin  Widener University 
Victoria Coutts   
David Cowles  Walla Walla University 
Beverly L. Cox   
Robert Cox  University of Virginia 
Christian Cox  Florida International University 
Kathryn Craig   
Danielle Crain  Baylor University 
Douglas Crawford  University of Miami 
Karen Crawford   
Arani Y. Cuevas-Sanchez  Washington State University 
Alistair Cullum  Creighton University 
Paul Cupp  Eastern KY Univ 
Suzie Currie  Acadia University 
Michelle D'Alessandro   
Elizabeth Dahlhoff  Santa Clara University 
Nicole Danos  University of San Diego 
Ariella Danziger  University of New England 
Zachary Darnell  Univ. of Southern Mississippi 
Reed Davis  The University of Akron 
Rachel L Davis   
William R. Dawson  University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 
Mason Dean  Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces 
Jennifer Dearolf  Hendrix College 
Stephen Deban  University of South Florida 
Sean Deery  Tulane University 
Alice Dennis   
Elissa Derrickson  Loyola University Maryland 
Valentina Di Santo  Stockholm University 
Terry Dial  Harvard University 
Angelina Dichiera  University of Texas at Austin 
Michael H. Dickinson  California Institute of Technology 
Kathy Dickson  National Science Foundation 
Michael Dillon  Univ of Wyoming 
Jamie Dolan  UC Riverside 
Hector Douglas  Grambling State University 
Wes Dowd  Washington State University 
Cynthia J. Downs  SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry 
Khrys Duddleston  University of Alaska Anchorage 
Robert Dudley  University of California, Berkeley 
Murray Duncan   
Phu Duong   
Phu Duong   
David Durica  U of Oklahoma 
Edward Dzialowski  University of North Texas 
Russell Easy  Acadia University 
Caitrin Eaton  Colby College 
Donald R. Ekberg   
Erika Eliason  University of California, Santa Barbara 
Hugh Ellis  University of San Diego 
Laura Ellis   
Cory Elowe   
Ibrahim Elshesheny  University of Nebraska-Lincoln 
Kyle Emerson  Duquesne University 
David Ensminger  UC Berkeley 
Laura Enzor  University of Hartford 
David Epel  Stanford University Hopkins 
Andrew Esbaugh  University of Texas at Austin 
Michelle Eshleman  North Dakota State University 
Robert Espinoza  California State University, Northridge 
Nathaniel Evans  Smithsonian 
Frank Fabela   
Samuel Faria  UC Riverside 
Sean Farmer  California State University, Northridge 
Loren Farmer   
Carol Fassbinder-Orth  Creighton University 
Zen Faulkes  U. Texas Rio Grande Valley 
Patricia Faulkner   
Martin E. Feder  University of Chicago Dept. of Organismal Biology & Anatomy 
Florent Figon  Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Université de Tours 
Michael Finkler  Indiana University Kokomo 
Frank E. Fish  West Chester University 
Elise Fiskum  California Polytechnic 
Bobby Fokidis  Rollins College 
Kristy Forsgren  Cal State University Fullerton 
Timothy Fort  Valdosta State University 
Kathleen Foster  Ball State University 
Craig Frank  Fordham University 
Amanda Frazier  UC Davis 
Markus Frederich  Univ New England 
Susannah French  Utah State Univ 
Caitlin Friesen  University of Texas at Austin, 
Christopher Friesen   
Anthony Friscia  UCLA 
Taylor Fritz  Saginaw Valley State 
Adam Fudickar  Indiana University 
Robert Full  UC of California at Berkeley 
Denise Furr   
Megumi Fuse  San Francisco State University 
Bryan Gahn   
Eric Gangloff  Ohio Wesleyan University 
Theodore Garland  University of California 
Eran Gefen  U of Haifa, Israel 
Janet Genz  University of West Georgia 
Alexander Gerson  UMass Amherst 
Cameron Ghalambor  Colorado State University 
Samantha Giancarli  Drexel University 
Allen G Gibbs  University of Nevada 
Matthew Gifford  University of Central Arkansas 
Sandra Gilchrist  New College of Florida 
Christopher Gillen  Kenyon College 
Hillary Glandon  U of NC Wilmington 
Jordan Glass  Arizona State University 
Caitlyn Glidden   
Christopher Goodchild   
Jordan Goodreau   
Malcolm Gordon  UCLA 
Mandi Gordon  EIH-UHCL 
Todd Green   
Timothy Greives  North Dakota State University 
Robert Griffin  University of Alberta 
Jeffrey Grim  University of Tampa 
Jennifer Grindstaff  Oklahoma State University 
Derrick Groom  University of Washington 
Theresa Grove  Valdosta State University 
Christopher Guglielmo  U Western Ontario 
Mark Gunderson  The College of Idaho 
Alexander Gunderson  Tulane University 
Natalia Gutierrez-Pinto   
Daniel Hahn  Univ of Florida 
Brianna Hall   
Kimberly Hammond  University of California Riverside 
Kristin Hardy  Cal Poly - SLO 
Cynthia Harley  Metropolitan State University 
James Harper  Sam Houston State University 
Jon Harrison  Arizona State Univ 
Michelle Hartwick  University of San Francisco 
Lynn Hartzler  Wright State University 
John Hatle  Univ of North FL 
Justin Havird  University of Texas at Austin 
Virginia Hayssen  Smith College 
Lisa Hazard  Montclair State University 
Harold F. Heatwole  North Carolina State University Department of Zoology 
Kaitlyn Hefele   
Nicholai Hensley  Cornell University 
Jennifer Heppner  University of Nevada, Reno 
Hollister Herhold  American Museum of Natural History 
John Hermanson  Cornell University 
Jessica Hernandez  Virginia Tech 
conner herndon  Georgia Institute of Technology 
Sara Hiebert Burch  Swarthmore College 
Tim Higham  University of California 
Geoffrey Hill  Auburn University 
Anthony Himes  VIMS 
Christina Hoffman   
Megan Holihan   
Wendy Hood  Auburn University 
William Hopkins  Virginia Tech 
Angela Horner  Cal State San Bernardino 
Brent Horton  Millersville University 
Zhenxin Hou  University of Texas  
Jennifer Houtz  Cornell University 
John M. Hranitz  Bloomsburg Univ 
David Hubert   
Dennis Hudson  Retired 
David Hudson  The Maritime Aquarium at Norwalk 
Raymond Huey  Univ of Washington 
Jerry Husak  Univ St. Thomas 
John R Hutchinson   
Louis Neal Irwin  University of Texas at El Paso 
Haruhiko Itagaki  Dr. 
Erik Iverson  University of Texas at Austin 
Heather Jamniczky  U of Calgary 
Aubrey Jane  University of New England 
Ronald A. Javitch  R.A. Javitch Natural Science Rare Book Foundation 
Bruce Jayne  U of Cincinnati 
Brian Jensen  The College of Saint Rose 
Ana Jimenez  Colgate University 
Yanira Jimenez Padilla  Western University 
Jason John   
Henry John-Alder  Rutgers Univ 
Sonke Johnsen  Duke University 
Meredith Johnson  Arizona State University 
Hannah Johnson   
Barbara Joos  Sable Systems 
Darwin Jorgensen  Roanoke College 
Jennifer Jost  Bradley University 
Shane Kanatous  Colorado State University 
William Karasov  Univ Wisconsin-Madison 
Christina Keathley  University of Louisiana at Laf 
Anna Keith  University of the Pacific 
Christine Keller   
Riley Kellermeyer   
Diane Kelly  University of Massachusetts 
Ellen Ketterson  Indiana University 
Yasmeen Khawaja  University of St Thomas 
Jane Khudyakov  University of the Pacific 
Alexis Khursigara  University of Texas at Austin 
Chanhee Kim   
Melanie Kimball   
Emily King  University of California, Berkeley 
Teisha King  Louisiana State University 
Stephen Kinsey  UNC Wilmington 
Aaron Kirkpatrick  Baylor University 
Rosemary Knapp  University of Oklahoma 
Kevin Kohl  University of Pittsburgh 
Keith Korsmeyer  Hawaii Pacific University 
Keith Korsmeyer  Hawaii Pacific University 
Kevin Krajniak  SIUE 
Jacob Krans  Western New England University 
Krista Kraskura  Univ. of Calif. Santa Barbara 
Deborah Kristan  California State U San Marcos 
Dietmar Kueltz  Univ of CA Davis 
Emily Lam   
Matthew Landau   
Anthony Lange  UC Merced 
Anthony Lapsansky  University of Montana 
Ashley Larson  Colorado State University 
Christine Lattin  Louisiana State University 
Emily Lau   
Brianna Lau   
George Lauder  Harvard Univ 
Marion Le Gall  Arizona State University 
Audrey LE POGAM  Université du Québec à Rimousk 
Manuel Leal  University of Missouri 
Jacqueline Lebenzon  Western University - Departmen 
Carol Lee  University of Wisconsin 
Samantha Leigh  CSU Fullerton 
Angela Lenard   
Danielle Levesque  University of Maine 
Juliette Lewis   
Sally Leys  University of Alberta 
Johnathon Li  UC Davis 
John Lighton  Sable Systems Intl, Inc. 
Harvey Lillywhite  University of Florida, Dept of Biology 
Sara Lindsay  University of Maine 
Allison Litmer  University of Arkansas 
Juan Liu  University of California, Berkeley 
Heather Liwanag  Cal Poly State University 
Brent Lockwood  University of Vermont 
Michael Logan  University of Nevada, Reno 
John Long  Vassar College 
Catherine Loudon  U. of California Irvine 
Matthew Lovern  Oklahoma State Univ 
Donald Lovett  Dept of Biology, The College of NJ 
William I. Lutterschmidt  Sam Houston State University 
Bram Lutton   
Katherine Lyons   
Ana Lyons  UC Berkeley 
Duncan MacKenzie  Texas A&M University 
Stephen Mackessy  University of Northern Colorad 
Heath MacMillan  Carleton University 
Edward Mager  University of North Texas 
Russell Main  Purdue University 
Jessica Malisch  St Mary's College of Maryland 
Linda Mantel   
Michael Markham  The University of Oklahoma 
Karen Martin  Pepperdine Univ 
Lynn Martin  University of South Florida 
Leighann Martin  The University of Texas at Aus 
Shumpei Maruyama  Oregon State University 
Svetlana Maslakova  University of Oregon 
Robert Mason  Oregon State University 
Melissa May  Florida Gulf Coast University 
Rodrigue Mbog  Southern Illinois University E 
Stephen McCormick  USGS Conte Anadromous Fish Research Center 
Marshall McCue  Sable Systems International 
Margaret McFall-Ngai  Dept. of Medical and Microbiology & Immunology 
Duane McPherson  SUNY at Geneseo 
Samantha McPherson  University of New England 
Todd McWhorter  Univ of Adelaide 
Scott McWilliams  University of Rhode Island 
Rita Mehta  University of California 
Mary Mendonca  Auburn Univ 
Mary Mendonca  Auburn University 
Colt Merges   
Krijn Michel   
Donald Miles  Ohio University 
Luke Miller  San Diego State University 
Kendall Mills  University of Alaska Fairbanks 
Patrick Mineo  Elmhurst College 
William C Mitchell  Ramapo College of New Jersey 
Christopher Mitchell   
Michelle Monette  Western Connecticut State Univ 
Lauren Moniz  Georgia Southern University 
Dillon Monroe  Texas State University 
Jenna Monroy  Claremont Colleges 
Dominique Montano  1991 
Daniel Montgomery  University of Exeter 
Kristi Montooth  University of Nebraska 
Marianne Moore  Arizona State University 
Nicole Moyen  Stanford University 
Saad Muhammad  University of Toronto 
Christopher Muir  University of Hawaii 
Haley Mullins   
Martha Munoz  Yale University 
James Murray  Cal State East Bay 
Donald Mykles  Colorado State Univ 
Alexander Myrka   
Kristen Navara  The University of Georgia 
Benjamin Negrete  University of Texas at Austin 
James Nestler  Walla Walla University 
Julie Neurohr  UNC Wilmington 
Amy Newman  University of Guelph 
Matthew Nicotra  University of Pittsburgh 
Kiisa Nishikawa  Norrthern Arizona University 
Rachel Nix   
David Norris  Univ of Colorado 
Julia Notar  Duke University 
Mehrnoush Nourbakhsh-Rey  The University of Oklahoma 
Richard Nye  US Fish and Wildlife Service 
Sara O'Brien  Radford Universtiy 
Lauren O'Connell   
Erin O'Connor  Colgate University 
Michael O'Connor  Drexel University 
M. Teague O'Mara  Max Planck Inst of Anim Behav 
Katie O'Reilly  University of Portland 
Michel Ohmer  Washington University 
Kristen Oliver  University of New Mexico 
Kirt Onthank  Walla Walla University 
Sarah Orr  North Carolina State University 
Teri Orr  University of Utah 
David Tizoc Ortiz-Weissberg  University of Southern California, Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy 
Christopher Oufiero  Towson University 
Tomasz Owerkowicz  California State University 
Douglas Pace  Cal State - Long Beach 
Kevin Padian  UC Berkeley 
Ryan Paitz  Illinois State University 
Maria Gabriela Palacios  Iowa State Univ 
Emmanuelle Pales Espinosa  Stony Brook University 
Lynne Parenti  National Museum of Natural History 
M. Rockwell Parker  James Madison University 
Mark Patterson  Northeastern University 
Linnea Pearson  California Polytechnic State 
Karen Peralta Martinez  University of Pittsburgh 
Catherine Percival  Pomona College 
Kenzie Pereira  Duquesne University 
Ashley Peters  Saginaw Valley State 
Ann Petersen   
Jennifer Piechowski  The University of Akron 
Thomas Pirtle  The College of Idaho 
Sean Place  Sonoma State University 
Melissa Plakke  University of Kansas 
Marlee Poff   
Henry Pollock  University of Illinois 
Shirley Pomponi  FAU-Harbor Branch 
Amara Pouv   
Donald Powers  George Fox University 
Sean Powers  Virginia Commonwealth University 
Devaleena S Pradhan  Idaho State University 
Kenneth Prestwich  College of the Holy Cross 
Edwin Price  University of North Texas 
Kristen Pulley  UTEP 
Zachary Quigley  George Washington University 
Samantha Rabinowitz   
Jonathan Rader  University of North Carolina 
Greg Ragland  University of Colorado, Denver 
Richard Ramirez   
Sarah Ramsaran  Providence College 
Matthew Rand  Carleton College 
Paul Rawson  University of Maine School of Marine Sciences 
Elizabeth Reagan   
Caitlin Redak  Auburn University 
Bernard Rees  University of New Orleans 
Peter Reiser  Ohio State University 
John Reiss  Humboldt State University Department of Biology 
Julie Rej   
Julie Reynolds  Ohio State University 
Amanda Reynolds Kirby  University of North Texas 
Christopher Richardson  Lesley University 
Lynn Riddiford  University of Washington 
Larry G. Riley  California State University at Fresno 
Jessica Rippamonti  University of North Texas 
Anna Rix   
Alison Roark  Furman University 
Thomas Roberts  Brown University 
Stephen P. Roberts  Missouri University of Science and Technology 
Kevin Roberts  UC Berkeley 
Steven Roberts   
Kelly Robinson  University of Nevada-Reno 
Carlos Rodriguez-Saltos   
Robert Roer  UNC Wilmington 
Louise Rollins-Smith  Vanderbilt Univ Med Center 
L. Michael Romero  Tufts University 
Larken Root  University of California Davis 
Giulia Rossi  University of Guelph 
Adam Rosso   
Lauren Rowsey  University of New Brunswick 
Allison Rugila  Stony Brook University 
Emily Ruhs  University of South Florida 
Andrea Rummel   
Kelsi Rutledge  UCLA 
Andrew Saintsing   
Mark Sandfoss  University of Florida 
Scott Santos  Auburn University 
Rachel Santymire  Lincoln Park Zoo 
John Scarpa   
Jill Schneider  Lehigh University 
George Schulte  Truman State University 
Eric Schultz  University of Connecticut 
Tonia Schwartz  Auburn University 
Rena Schweizer  University of Montana 
Gail Schwieterman  Virginia Institute of Marine S 
Anthony Scibelli  Tufts University 
Jay Scott   
Michael Sears  Clemson University 
Stephen Secor  University of Alabama 
Anusha Shankar  Cornell University 
Elliot Shannon  George Fox University 
Kimberly Sheldon  University of Tennessee 
Nathaniel Shiiki  George Fox University 
Jim Shinkle  Trinity University 
Michael Shipley  Midwestern State University 
Suman Shrestha  University of Texas at Arlingt 
Caitlyn Sibiskie  Western New England University 
Dee Silverthorn  U Texas at Austin 
Brent Sinclair  U Western Ontario 
Taylor Smith  CSU - Long Beach 
Brandt Smith  University of North Texas 
Jonathan Snow  Barnard College, NY 
George Somero  Stanford University Department of Biological Sciences 
Chris O'Mara Spear  UNCW 
Daniel Speiser  University of South Carolina 
Austin Spence   
Maria Stager  University of Montana 
Maria Stager  University of South Carolina 
Zach Stahlschmidt  University of the Pacific 
Tristan Stayton  Bucknell University 
Jonathon Stillman  SFSU & Berkeley 
Kristin Stover  West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine 
Madeline Strom  New Mexico State University 
James Strother  University of Florida 
Stanley Stupski  Pennsylvania State University 
Adam P. Summers  Friday Harbor Laboratories 
Colin Summers  Friday Harbor Fish Labs 
Cynthia Surmacz  Bloomsburg Univ 
Cory Suski  University of Illinois 
David Swanson  Univ South Dakota 
Sharon Swartz  Brown University 
Andre Szejner-Sigal  UC Berkeley 
Patricia Tachinardi  Vila Olímpia 
Stav Talal  Arizona State University 
William Talbot  Univ of New Mexico 
Sherry Tamone  University of Alaska Southeast 
Richelle Tanner  UC Davis 
David Tapley  Salem State University 
Ann Tarrant   
Kevin Tate  Texas Lutheran University 
Nicholas Teets  University of Kentucky 
Rory Telemeco  CSU Fresno 
Kimberly Terrell  Memphis Zoo 
Nora Terwilliger  Univ of Oregon OIMB 
Peyton Thomas  UNC-Wilmington 
Kiley Thueson   
Anne Todgham  University of California Davis 
Lars Tomanek  California Poly State University 
Julia Torres Velarde   
Alex Torson  University of Western Ontario 
Morgane Touzot  Université Lyon 1 UCBL 
Ian Townley  Saint George's School 
James Townsend  Providence College 
Jantina Toxopeus  St. FX University 
Jantina Toxopeus  University of Colorado, Denver 
Christopher Tracy  Deep Canyon Research Center 
C. Tracy  U of Nevada Reno 
Leon Tran   
Lisa Treidel  UC Berkeley 
Henry Tsai  Missouri State University 
Brian Tsukimura  California State Univ Fresno 
Kay Tweeten  St. Catherine University 
Yu Umeki   
Laura Unfried  University of Kentucky 
Miles Valencia   
Magalie Valere Rivet  Loma Linda University 
James Van Dyke  La Trobe University 
Elsa van Hall   
Jacey Van Wert  Ucsb 
John Vanden Brooks  Midwestern University 
Itzick Vatnick  Widener University 
Jose Pablo Vazquez-Medina  University of California, Berkeley 
Jonathan Velotta  University of Montana 
E. Alan Verde  Maine Maritime Academy 
Irene Villanueva Sanz   
Maren Vitousek  Cornell University 
Kristina Wade  Idaho State University 
Brian Walker  Fairfield University 
Chelsea Ward  Auburn University Montgomery 
Robin Warne  Southern Illinois University 
Daniel Warner  Auburn University 
James Waters  Providence College 
Charles Watson  Midwestern State University 
Ryan Weaver  University of Texas 
William Weber  University of Maryland 
Beck Wehrle  UC Irvine / Coastline College 
Ariana Weiss   
James Welch  Wittenberg University 
Kenneth Welch  Univ. Toronto Scarborough 
John Whiteman  Old Dominion University 
Travis Wilcoxen  Millikin University 
Tony Williams  Simon Fraser University 
Ashley Williams  Auburn University 
Bethany Williams  The Ohio State University 
Caroline Williams  U California Berkeley 
Charles Williams  Allen Inst for Cell Science 
Cory Williams  University of Alaska Fairbanks 
Bethany Williams  The Ohio State University 
Kathryn Wilsterman   
John Wingfield  University of California 
Colleen Winstead   
Michal Wojciechowski  Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland 
Blair Wolf  University of New Mexico 
Cole Wolf  University of Montana 
Bradley Wood  Wellesley College 
H. Art Woods  Univ Montana 
Patricia Wright  University of Guelph 
Jeanette Wyneken  Florida Atlantic Univ 
Paul Yancey  Whitman College 
Zhe Yang  Acadia University 
Jeff Kang Nian Yap  Auburn University 
Julia York  University of Texas at Austin 
Jacob Youngblood   
Louis Zachos  University of Mississippi 
Casey Zakroff  WHOI 
Edward Zalisko  Blackburn College 
William Zamer  Retired, National Science Foundation